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Elk (moose) Feeding At The Roadside At The Biebrza Marshes, Photo By Piotr Dębowski

Primeval Forest & Marshes, Mar 2018

Tour Leader: Piotr Dębowski (Peter)
Participants: Chris & Marian, Leonard & Trudy, Roger & Lorna, Hannah & James, Peter & Karen, and Barney (UK)

Text by Piotr Dębowski & Mariola Przyborowska
Photos by Piotr Dębowski

Our first spring tour this season has started in rather wintry conditions. Severe frost that lasted for over a week at the beginning of March has since declined and few sunny days brought a little hope for spring, but after just few milder days the winter came back bringing cold winds and temperatures well below zero. Such challenging weather conditions lasted through the entire tour and made some of our observations a little more difficult, although we were still able to spot a lot interesting species of birds and mammals, to come across remnants of wolf prey, and to see flocks of birds on a spring migration (heartwarming sight!).

An early morning patrol, photo by Piotr Dębowski
An early morning patrol

While in the Bialowieża Forest, we saw four different groups of Bison (14 animals in total), some of them at quite a close distance, thus giving us great, exciting moments. In search of them we explored many different sites, mostly meadows around Bialowieża village, as well as the whereabouts of Narewka village in the northernmost part of the Forest.

Bison at the meadow outside of Białowieża village, photo by Piotr Dębowski
Bison at the meadow outside of Białowieża village

We visited some of the most interesting trails and places around Białowieża, including Wysokie Bagno Reserve preserving an extensive area of natural spruce forest on a raised bog (we observed a Great Spotted Woodpeckers there), and the Żebra Żubra trail – a wooden path running through a very picturesque alderwood and parts of wet spruce forest, where we heard mating calls of Cranes. We explored meadows along the Narewka river, where a pair of Goldeneye, White Stork and Lapwings were seen. Over the vast open meadows we heard calls of Yellowhammers and Woodlarks. The Tsar’s Trail has shown us Three-toed Woodpecker, Treecreeper, Crested, Coal and Long-tailed Tit, while one of our walks at dusk succeeded with a fabulous observation of a male Pygmy Owl. 

At Wysokie Bagno Trail in Białowieża, photo by Piotr Dębowski
At Wysokie Bagno Trail in Białowieża

The highlight, however, was a visit to the Strict Protection Area of the National Park, listed UNESCO World Heritage Site, where we spent almost eight hours walking the trail leading right into the core area of the Reserve. Seeing the diversity of habitats in the last natural European forest and walking between centuries old trees was an extraordinary experience. Our NP guide told us a lot of absorbing facts about unique biodiversity of the Forest, the huge role of deadwood in the ecosystem, as well as a history of the park and surrounding area. While there, we saw such interesting bird species as White-backed, Lesser Spotted, Middle Spotted and Black Woodpecker, and noticed high activity of Nuthatch, Treecreeper and several Tits. Just outside the Strictly Protected part we observed a pair of White-tailed Eagles chasing Bean Geese (a very spectacular sight!).

Our group in the National Park, photo by Piotr Dębowski
Our group in the Białowieża National Park

At the Biebrza Marshes we explored an extensive backwaters of Biebrza and Narew Rivers. Despite cold and wintry conditions and still wide surfaces of ice, we observed large concentrations of waterfowl – Geese, Whooper Swan, and Ducks (Wigeon, Northern Pintail, Mallard and Shoveler). Our bird list was completed with fabulous sights of numerous White-tailed Eagles, and some great mixture of species such as Smew, single male of Black Grouse, Cranes, Meadow Pipit and Reed Bunting.

Whooper Swans at the frozen surface of the river, photo by Piotr Dębowski
Whooper Swans at the frozen surface of the river

Our daily drives and walks around the Southern and the Middle Basins of Biebrza Marshes resulted with fantastic sightings of native mammals: Elk (9 animals in total in five different places), as well as Beavers and Otters feeding at the banks of the rivers. What is more, on one of the numerous channels we came across a Muskat, a very interesting observation, especially that the population of this introduced specimen has fallen drastically in a recent decade.

Elk (moose) feeding at the roadside at the Biebrza Marshes, photo by Piotr Dębowski
Elk (Moose) feeding at the roadside at the Biebrza Marshes, we were really close!

One of the highlights of our tour was a massive concentration of geese nearby the Ruś village (ca. 4 thousands of birds), which we observed on our last day, just before sunset. The view over the vast peaceful river valley, and the air filled with sounds and calls of thousands of birds were just amazing. This incredible spectacle was very symbolic and made a great finish to our visit at the Marshes.

Wild Poland group at the Biebrza Marshes
Last photo together efore leaving the Marshes

Back at Warsaw, we had a very pleasant walk at the Old Town followed by a tasty lunch in a cosy restaurant – a very nice accent before saying goodbye.

Please enjoy few more pictures in our little photo gallery:

The Morning Walk In The Strictly Protected Area Of The National Park With A Local NP Guide, Photo By Piotr Dębowski
The Morning Walk In The Strictly Protected Area Of The National Park With A Local NP Guide, Photo By Piotr Dębowski
Inside The Strictly Protected Area Of The Białowieski National Park, Photo By Piotr Dębowski
At The Good Spot, Photo By Piotr Dębowski
Dinner At Our Guesthouse In Białowieża, Photo By Piotr Dębowski

We can’t resist sharing comments added by Tour Participants, so here is one ;-)

Fabulous holiday – the chance to experience two very special areas of Poland and the world with close-up wildlife encounters in stunning landscapes.
– Karen & Pete, UK, 17 Mar 2018


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